Loquis: Vito Volterra, The anti-fascist mathematician

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Vito Volterra, The anti-fascist mathematician


Published on:  2019-04-26 12:26:29

  Kosher Life

Vito Volterra, The anti-fascist mathematician Vito Volterra was born in Ancona in 1860 from a poor Jewish family. He lost his father when he was two years old and his mother moved to Florence where Vito graduated from the Technical Institute. In 1882 he graduated in Pisa, and at the age of 23, he became a lecturer at the same University. In 1900, at the age of 40, he won the chair of mathematical physics at the University of Rome, where he remained for good. He participated in the First World War in the Military Corps of Engineers, founding an Office of inventions and research that would later be transformed into the current CNR. After the war he became president of the Accademia dei Lincei. In 1925 he signed the Manifesto of the anti-fascist intellectuals of Benedetto Croce and in 1931 and 1934 he refused to swear allegiance to the regime, enough to be banned by all educational and academic institutions. He died in Rome at his home in Via in Lucina 17, on October 11, 1940, bitterdened by the racial discrimination that had affected both him and his works.

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