Loquis: Duomo di Crema

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Duomo di Crema

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Published on:  2018-11-14 19:22:41

  Stories of art in Lombardy

The original cathedral, destroyed by Federico Barbarossa together with the city in 1160, at the end of a long siege, was partially rebuilt twenty years later and completed in all its parts between 1284 and 1341. The new Cathedral is dedicated to the Virgin Assunta and its reconstruction, begun in 1185, is limited to the presbytery area and the sacristy characterized by a stylistic influence of the Cistercian churches identified in the straight termination of the three apses, in the use of the shaped brick, the round arch and the semi-cylindrical ribbing of the cross vaults. Following the improvement of economic and social conditions, the construction of the cathedral has a new impulse. The works, despite some interruptions due to war clashes, continue until 1341. On this construction now completed, whose Romanesque structure has not prevented the subsequent development and completion with the characteristics of the new Gothic architecture, it begins to intervene about a century later, in 1485, with the extension of the apse, followed by the creation of the underlying crypt, which involves the raising of the floor on which the altar was resting, now brought back to its original level. In the last quarter of the eighteenth century the Duomo is subjected to impressive changes in baroque taste that mainly concern the interior where the total covering of the wall structures with marbles and stuccos occurs, the creation of new chapels and the opening of large windows that cause the loss of most of the three- fifteenth-century frescoes. The Duomo regains its original appearance with the imposing restoration of 1952.

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