Loquis: Emma Castelnuovo, the mathematician against racial laws

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Emma Castelnuovo, the mathematician against racial laws


Published on:  2018-03-20 19:31:00

  Famous people of Rome

Graduated in mathematics in 1936 with a thesis on algebraic geometry, she began working as a librarian at the Mathematical Institute of the University of Rome, which today bears the name of her father.In August 1938, she won the professorship of middle school but, being of Jewish religion, a few days later he was suspended from the service because of the racial laws.From 1939 to 1943 she teaches in the Jewish school. As Jews may only attend Jewish schools, in a rented apartment in Via Celimontana they are brought benches and chairs and some Jewish and Aryan teachers, among whom Emma, ​​in less than no time give way to a series of school courses, because culture can save lives.In the Castelnuovo family escapes Nazi roundups, taking refuge with friends, hospitals, religious institutes, was reinstated only after the war, and taught at the Torquato Tasso secondary school in Rome until 1979. In 1944 she founds the Roman Institute of Mathematical Culture that organizes conferences for teachers, active until 1949.

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